Metal detecting introduction. Metal detecting is not only a very interesting and fun hobby for young and old, but could also be profitable, with some finds even bringing life changing rewards. You may find fame and be apart of very important discoveries of history which will be on display for future generations. Treasure hunting throughout the years have not only reached treasures and artefacts deep underground, but also delved into the depths of the very distant past. For decades detectorists of all ages have been searching fields, woodland and the beach and for many years to come there will be amazing discoveries of how life in ancient times were. If you are reading this article you are likely currently a treasure hunter and looking for the best metal detector to discover the finds you are interested in, whether it be gold nuggets, gold coins, hammered silver coins, artefacts or anything else with historical or financial value. Many artefacts have been uncovered which provides crucial and interesting insight in to past history. Many of these finds are displayed in museums and would have been lost if not for deep seeking metal detectors. What can you expect to find: Roman coins Medieval and ancient jewellery Hoards Coins of all kinds, hammered silver, gold ect. Gold nuggets Spearheads Rings World war relics Modern coins and tiny jewellery, (this is common for beach detecting.) Ancient roman statues Coffins, containing personal effects of value Tombs and ancient underground passageways How deep will a metal detector or locator go? The depth at which you will find a target in the ground or chance that you will discover it has many factors. 1. Correct set up of the detector. 2. Proper ground balancing. 3. The type of coil, DD or concentric. 4. The frequency the coil is tuned at. 5. The soil condition, whether it is contaminated, mineralized ect. 6. Whether the soil is wet or dry. 5. The size of your metal detector’s search coil. 6. Type, size and shape of the target. 7. Position in which the target is located. What levels of detectorists are there? 1. Beginners. When starting out in the hobby it may be easier to use a simple machine which is easy to set up. If you are unsure if you will keep to the hobby, perhaps consider something in a low price range, but not too low, as price also equals quality. A poor quality machine may cause frustration due to false signals, digging useless items and very little finds resulting in you giving up the hobby prematurely. Practice your sweeping motion and speed of detecting, do not walk too fast. Learning to do a set up and understanding the readings of your machine may be tricky at first, but it is not difficult and soon it will become second nature. 2. Experienced. Once you have learned the basics about your metal detector and metal detecting and feel confident that you wish to continue, you can try a more advanced machine with more complicated settings. As you progress, greater finds will be discovered and digging of less trash items more common. Good to know: No matter how experienced you may be,if your detector does not have good discriminiation, you will always struggle to correctly identify targets. 3. Professional or expert. Now you are top class. You understand how to set the ground balance, discrimination settings, read the audiable and visual settings successfully and ready to try the more expensive top range metal detectors. At this level the hobby is most enjoyable as you have gained all the knowledge. You make more finds, more often, dig deeper and discover more items, regardless of if you are using an induction balance VLF or pulse induction detector, you have mastered the skill of gold prospecting or treasure hunting to perfection. What are some of the features professionals in the hobby look for: Advanced users often make a living out of their finds and it is important to have an optinum performer therefore the following criterias are always taken into consideration: Best for finding hammered silver and gold coins. Capable of finding and correctly identifying gold nuggets Deepest treasure hunting machine for finding gold Best dicrimination, target seperation. Well balanced metal locator. Deepest metal detector Most powerful Easy to work on trashy, contaminated and highly mineralized soil Variety of search coils and frequencies to match different ground conditions and scenarios Some tips for beginners: 1. It is important to study the user manual for your specific model, as each detector has different settings. Get to know the fuctions well before embarking on a trip out with it. Two essential to master settings are the Frequency and Sensitivity. By adjusting these settings you can vary the amount of targets and depth at which you will find them. Reducing sensitivity helps in sites with high contamination. If you are discovering few targets, try to increase the sensivity. Working in segments by first removing undesireable targets and then going over the same field later may be a strategy worth incorporating in your regular search plan. If the detector becomes too noisy, it is advisable to reduce the sensitivity. If you have difficulties mastering settings, Get VLF, Induction Balance or Pulse Induction detector training prior to heading out on a long trip in Australia’s outback. There are many companies across Australia offering training. 2. Annoying beeping and scratchy sounds may be due to inference from different sources. A few possibilities are: Powerlines Mobile phones Electric Fences GPS tracking devices Tip: If you are using an external speaker, there is a possibility that it may be causing interference, make sure the speaker is compatible. 3. Create a test area or test bed. Bury some targets and see if you are able to detect them. This could be useful to do prior to traveling out to a field or rally as a beginner and save hours of frustration. Your test bed can save you more time and expense than you could imagine and also provides a reference point. 4. Plan ahead. If you consider spending extended periods of time away from home in the great outdoors, proper planning of supplies and emergency measures is essential. 5. Be alert. Being out in the nature is a relaxing experience. It is still important to be on the look out for creepies and crawlies, even some wild animals which may be nesting somewhere. Snakes have the ability to sneak up behind you unexpectedly if they feel disturbed in any way. Some detectorists likes to take their dogs with them to enjoy the outing and assist in being an alert if any wildlife may be approaching or in close proximity. 6. Respect the area where you search. Once you dug a hole to uncover a target, rebury the hole. Do not litter and take all your trash with you. If a landowner has to clean up after you were on their fields, you may lose permission to be search on their land very soon. 7. Dig carefully. It may be useful to proceed with care. Hitting and slamming the ground with a spade could damage a very important target and reduce its value dramatically. Even gold nuggets have a higher value when they are uncovered in original shape. 8. Check your batteries. Make sure your batteries are sufficient to last the length of time you will be out. Take some spares to eliminate the possibility of ending up without power. A car rechanger may be useful as well. 9. Dont forget your headphones! Working with headphones helps to hear all the faint signals. Make sure they are packed. Always check the headphones are compatible with your brand of metal detector. It is a good idea to also take a spare. 10. Check if the electronic box of your unit is weather proof, if not, do not use it in wet conditions or get dedicated covers for your specific brand to protect it. Electronic boxes which became wet inside may suffer permanent damage. What about gold nugget hunting? Australia is one of the most popular destinations. Out in the desert there are many small pieces and sometimes significantly large pieces. Gold prospectors often spend months at a time camping in the desert while gold hunting. Africa and Asia also has a lot of natural gold deposits and it is a popular spot for gold hunters. In the United States you can find it near creeks too and there have been several gold rush times in the U.S throughout history. There is no criteria for the best place to find large gold nuggets. Both large and small pieces have been found in a variety of places. As you gain prospecting experience, you will learn the signs of probability to find gold in a certain area and will discover that what gets unearthed can be a surprise. Tip: Nexus Metal Detectors manufactures large, light, carbon fibre search coils which increase the depth of pulse induction metal detectors like Minelab and Whites. These coils can be very useful to enable more hours of detecting without getting tired and the deepest, which makes it ideal for sites which requires searching in the deeper earthlayer. How to gain permission to search fields? There are websites who meet land owners with detectorists who wish to search fields. You can also join social media groups or a local metal detecting club. Or you could simply get directly in contact with farmers in the areas where you want to search. What happens when you search on a landowners field? The landowner will allow you to freely search on their field with the agreement that all finds are declared and the profit from what is uncovered split. The usual amount is 50 / 50. Following evaluation, the price will be determined for the find and if it considered to be a treasure, a museum will offer to purchase it. If the find is not a treasure, for example a gold nugget, it can be offered for sale on auction. How do I find a metal detecting partner? Posting a request on social media or your local metal detecting club are your best options. You can meet many people by attending a rally too. There are several rallies every year in many countries around the world. What can you expect to dig up on the beach? Modern money Jewellery White and yellow gold rings Tip: Be sure that your metal detector is water proof before detecting in wet conditions. Water may cause permanent damage to a non-waterproof machine. Where are the best places to make metal detecting finds on the beach? Most active areas where people lay their towels and set up umbrellas. Holiday makers often lose rings and jewellery while sunbathing. If the beach is empty at the time you get there, look for footprints and where there are the most dents in the sands. Areas where people practice sport like volleyball, soccer, frizby ect. Check where spectators are watching, they also often lose their belongings. Showers where people are rinsing off. While setting down items to enter the shower, they often gets lost. Car parks. When people enter or exit their car, l oad their gear, very often things fall out and are left behind. Good to know: There are a lot of pulltabs and other trash on the beach, with time you’ll learn to read the signals and understand when to dig making your time more productive. Pinpointers or pin point probes. Even with a significant amount of research, reading through reviews and asking opinions, it is still difficult to reach a decision on what the best value for money, pin point probe on the market today is today. But the latest model may not be exactly the one for your personal needs. But first, what is the purpose of a pin point probe? It is to help you locate the exact position of the target which were indicated by your metal detector. Having the ultimate machine to find those lost treasures is the first and most important step. You can speed up your time on the field by pinpointing the target instead of digging endlessly through the dirt you unearthed. Your metal detector has a larger search coil which, depending on the coil size is valuable as a general screening device to locate the target. Once a non-ferrous signal has been indicated, now you need to zero in on that hammered silver, gold coin or other tiny object, a small, hand held unit is far easier to manipulate in or around the hole. The other valuable purpose for a pinpointer is to keep you from damaging your finds. They all have different quality, features and performance, from middle to top of the line, with a variety of shapes and sizes. It is necessary to decide where you will be using it. If it is for search near or in water, choose a water resistant one. The following important feature to consider is target response you will receive from the unit. Some just have an audio response, while others have an additonal vibration feature and or indicator light. Conclusion Treasure hunting and gold prospecting is not complicated, with some basic knowledge and a detector which best suits your needs, you will soon be making many finds. The rewards from this amazing hobby are tremendous, it will keep you fit, enhance your wealth and provide the opportunity to be apart of historical discoveries. Happy hunting! - Written by Mark Bailey
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Metal detecting introduction. Metal detecting is not only a very interesting and fun hobby for young and old, but could also be profitable, with some finds even bringing life changing rewards. You may fame and be apart of very important discoveries of history which will be on display for future generations. Treasure hunting throughout the years have not only reached treasures and artefacts deep underground, but also delved into the depths of the very distant past. For decades detectorists of all ages have been searching fields, woodland and the beach and for many years to come there will be amazing discoveries of how life in ancient times were. If you are reading this article you are likely currently a treasure hunter and looking for the best metal detector –to discover the finds you are interested in, whether it be gold nuggets, gold coins, hammered silver coins, artefacts or anything else with historical or financial value. Many artefacts have been uncovered which provides crucial and interesting insight in to past history. Many of these finds are displayed in museums and would have been lost if not for deep seeking metal detectors. What can you expect to find: Roman coins Medieval and ancient jewellery Hoards Coins of all kinds, hammered silver, gold ect. Gold nuggets Spearheads Rings World war relics Modern coins and tiny jewellery, (this is common for beach detecting.) Ancient roman statues Coffins, containing personal effects of value Tombs and ancient underground passageways How deep will a metal detector or locator go? The depth at which you will find a target in the ground or chance that you will discover it has many factors. 1. Correct set up of the detector. 2. Proper ground balancing. 3. The type of coil, DD or concentric. 4. The frequency the coil is tuned at. 5. The soil condition, whether it is contaminated, mineralized ect. 6. Whether the soil is wet or dry. 5. The size of your metal detector’s search coil. 6. Type, size and shape of the target. 7. Position in which the target is located. What levels of detectorists are there? 1. Beginners. When starting out in the hobby it may be easier to use a simple machine which is easy to set up. If you are unsure if you will keep to the hobby, perhaps consider something in a low price range, but not too low, as price also equals quality. A poor quality machine may cause frustration due to false signals, digging useless items and very little finds resulting in you giving up the hobby prematurely. Practice your sweeping motion and speed of detecting, do not walk too fast. Learning to do a set up and understanding the readings of your machine may be tricky at first, but it is not difficult and soon it will become second nature. 2. Experienced. Once you have learned the basics about your metal detector and metal detecting and feel confident that you wish to continue, you can try a more advanced machine with more complicated settings. As you progress, greater finds will be discovered and digging of less trash items more common. Good to know: No matter how experienced you may be, if your detector does not have good discriminiation, you will always struggle to correctly identify targets. 3. Professional or expert. Now you are top class. You understand how to set the ground balance, discrimination settings, read the audiable and visual settings successfully and ready to try the more expensive top range metal detectors. At this level the hobby is most enjoyable as you have gained all the knowledge. You make more finds, more often, dig deeper and discover more items, regardless of if you are using an induction balance VLF or pulse induction detector, you have mastered the skill of gold prospecting or treasure hunting to perfection. What are some of the features professionals in the hobby look for: Advanced users often make a living out of their finds and it is important to have an optinum performer therefore the following criterias are always taken into consideration: Best for finding hammered silver and gold coins. Capable of finding and correctly identifying gold nuggets Deepest treasure hunting machine for finding gold Best dicrimination, target seperation. Well balanced metal locator. Deepest metal detector Most powerful Easy to work on trashy, contaminated and highly mineralized soil Variety of search coils and frequencies to match different ground conditions and scenarios Some tips for beginners: 1. It is important to study the user manual for your specific model, as each detector has different settings. Get to know the fuctions well before embarking on a trip out with it. Two essential to master settings are the Frequency and Sensitivity. By adjusting these settings you can vary the amount of targets and depth at which you will find them. Reducing sensitivity helps in sites with high contamination. If you are discovering few targets, try to increase the sensivity. Working in segments by first removing undesireable targets and then going over the same field later may be a strategy worth incorporating in your regular search plan. If the detector becomes too noisy, it is advisable to reduce the sensitivity. If you have difficulties mastering settings, Get VLF, Induction Balance or Pulse Induction detector training prior to heading out on a long trip in Australia’s outback. There are many companies across Australia offering training. 2. Annoying beeping and scratchy sounds may be due to inference from different sources. A few possibilities are: Powerlines Mobile phones Electric Fences GPS tracking devices Tip: If you are using an external speaker, there is a possibility that it may be causing interference, make sure the speaker is compatible. 3. Create a test area or test bed. Bury some targets and see if you are able to detect them. This could be useful to do prior to traveling out to a field or rally as a beginner and save hours of frustration. Your test bed can save you more time and expense than you could imagine and also provides a reference point. 4. Plan ahead. If you consider spending extended periods of time away from home in the great outdoors, proper planning of supplies and emergency measures is essential. 5. Be alert. Being out in the nature is a relaxing experience. It is still important to be on the look out for creepies and crawlies, even some wild animals which may be nesting somewhere. Snakes have the ability to sneak up behind you unexpectedly if they feel disturbed in any way. Some detectorists likes to take their dogs with them to enjoy the outing and assist in being an alert if any wildlife may be approaching or in close proximity. 6. Respect the area where you search. Once you dug a hole to uncover a target, rebury the hole. Do not litter and take all your trash with you. If a landowner has to clean up after you were on their fields, you may lose permission to be search on their land very soon. 7. Dig carefully. It may be useful to proceed with care. Hitting and slamming the ground with a spade could damage a very important target and reduce its value dramatically. Even gold nuggets have a higher value when they are uncovered in original shape. 8. Check your batteries. Make sure your batteries are sufficient to last the length of time you will be out. Take some spares to eliminate the possibility of ending up without power. A car rechanger may be useful as well. 9. Dont forget your headphones! Working with headphones helps to hear all the faint signals. Make sure they are packed. Always check the headphones are compatible with your brand of metal detector. It is a good idea to also take a spare. 10. Check if the electronic box of your unit is weather proof, if not, do not use it in wet conditions or get dedicated covers for your specific brand to protect it. Electronic boxes which became wet inside may suffer permanent damage. What about gold nugget hunting? Australia is one of the most popular destinations. Out in the desert there are many small pieces and sometimes significantly large pieces. Gold prospectors often spend months at a time camping in the desert while gold hunting. Africa and Asia also has a lot of natural gold deposits and it is a popular spot for gold hunters. In the United States you can find it near creeks too and there have been several gold rush times in the U.S throughout history. There is no criteria for the best place to find large gold nuggets. Both large and small pieces have been found in a variety of places. As you gain prospecting experience, you will learn the signs of probability to find gold in a certain area and will discover that what gets can be a surprise. Tip: Nexus Metal Detectors manufactures large, light, carbon fibre search coils which increase the depth of pulse induction metal detectors like Minelab and Whites. These coils can be very useful to enable more hours of detecting without getting tired and the deepest, which makes it ideal for sites which requires searching in the deeper earthlayer. How to gain permission to search fields? There are websites who meet land owners with detectorists who wish to search fields. You can also join social media groups or a local metal detecting club. Or you could simply get directly in contact with farmers in the areas where you want to search. What happens when you search on a landowners field? The landowner will allow you to freely search on their field with the agreement that all finds are declared and the profit from what is uncovered split. The usual amount is 50 / 50. Following evaluation, the price will be determined for the find and if it considered to be a treasure, a museum will offer to purchase it. If the find is not a treasure, for example a gold nugget, it can be offered for sale on auction. How do I find a metal detecting partner? Posting a request on social media or your local metal detecting club are your best options. You can meet many people by attending a rally too. There are several rallies every year in many countries around the world. What can you expect to dig up on the beach? Modern money Jewellery White and yellow gold rings Tip: Be sure that your metal detector is water proof before detecting in wet conditions. Water may cause permanent damage to a non-waterproof machine. Where are the best places to make metal detecting finds on the beach? Most active areas where people lay their towels and set up umbrellas. Holiday makers often lose rings and jewellery while sunbathing. If the beach is empty at the time you get there, look for footprints and where there are the most dents in the sands. Areas where people practice sport like volleyball, soccer, frizby ect. Check where spectators are watching, they also often lose their belongings. Showers where people are rinsing off. While setting down items to enter the shower, they often gets lost. Car parks. When people enter or exit their car, load their gear, very often things fall out and are left behind. Good to know: There are a lot of pulltabs and other trash on the beach, with time you’ll learn to read the signals and understand when to dig making your time more productive. Pinpointers or pin point probes. Even with a significant amount of research, reading through reviews and asking opinions, it is still difficult to reach a decision on what the best value for money, pin point probe on the market today is today. But the latest model may not be exactly the one for your personal needs. But first, what is the purpose of a pin point probe? It is to help you locate the exact position of the target which were indicated by your metal detector. Having the ultimate machine to find those lost treasures is the first and most important step. You can speed up your time on the field by pinpointing the target instead of digging endlessly through the dirt you unearthed. Your metal detector has a larger search coil which, depending on the coil size is valuable as a general screening device to locate the target. Once a non-ferrous signal has been indicated, now you need to zero in on that hammered silver, gold coin or other tiny object, a small, hand held unit is far easier to manipulate in or around the hole. The other valuable purpose for a pinpointer is to keep you from damaging your finds. They all have different quality, features and performance, from middle to top of the line, with a variety of shapes and sizes. It is necessary to decide where you will be using it. If it is for search near or in water, choose a water resistant one. The following important feature to consider is target response you will receive from the unit. Some just have an audio response, while others have an additonal vibration feature and or indicator light. Conclusion Treasure hunting and gold prospecting is not complicated, with some basic knowledge and a detector which best suits your needs, you will soon be making many finds. The rewards from this amazing hobby are tremendous, it will keep you fit, enhance your wealth and provide the opportunity to be apart of historical discoveries. Happy hunting! - Written by Mark Bailey
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